Cod & coi

French vocabulary & translations (see all)

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Definition

un COD (un complément d’objet direct) : a direct object nom masculingrammaire

Un COD refers to the direct object of the sentence: the person or thing to which the action is done. For example: J’ai planté un arbre (I planted a tree): un arbre is the COD; La pomme que tu as mangée (The apple which you ate): la pomme is the COD.

un COI (un complément d’objet indirect) : an indirect object nom masculingrammaire

Un COI refers to the indirect object of the sentence. It is often preceded by a preposition. For example: Il donne un cadeau à sa mère (He gives his mother a gift): un cadeau is the COD and sa mère is the COI; Je te parle (I’m talking to you): te is the COI because we say parler à (to talk to).

Examples

  • "Alors par contre attention, hein : parfois se n’est ni COD ni COI, ça, c’est pour les verbes essentiellement pronominaux."
  • "Parce que se est un COI !"
  • "Alors par contre attention, hein : parfois se n’est ni COD ni COI, ça, c’est pour les verbes essentiellement pronominaux."

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