Les articles et la négation

French Grammar (see all)

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Les articles et la négation


positive sentencenegative sentence
Indefinite articles - for quantities we can count

Il a un frère
He has a brother
Il a une sœur
He has a sister
Il a des enfants
He has some children

Il n’a pas de frère
He doesn’t have a brother
Il n’a pas de sœur
He doesn’t have a sister
Il n’a pas d’enfant
He doesn’t have any children

Partitive articles (some/any) - for uncountable quantities

Il y a du café
There is some coffee
Il y a de l’eau
There is some water
Il y a des problèmes
There are some problems

Il n’y a pas de café
There isn’t any coffee
Il n’y a pas d’eau
There isn’t any water
Il n’y a pas de problèmes
There aren’t any problems


Notes:
•  After c’est the articles don’t change form in negative sentences.
- C’est de la viande, ça ? - Mais non, ce n’est pas de la viande, c’est du soja !
-Is that meat? -No, it’s not meat, it’s soybean!
- C’est un tableau de Renoir ? - Non, ce n’est pas un tableau de Renoir, c’est un tableau de Matisse.
-Is that a Renoir painting? -No, it’s not a Renoir painting, it’s a Matisse.

•  Definite articles (le, la, les) don’t change in negative sentences.
- Tu aimes le foot ? - Non, je n’aime pas le foot.
-Do you like football? -No, I don’t like football.


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