Le passé composé

French Grammar (see all)

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Le passé composé


The passé composé (the compound past tense) is used to describe past events or actions.
La semaine dernière, j’ai commencé à apprendre le français. conjugaison
Last week, I started to learn French.

The passé composé is formed using the present tense form of être and avoir + past participle of the main verb:
manger j’ai mangé conjugaison to eat I ate
dormir tu as dormi conjugaison to sleep you slept
tomber nous sommes tombés conjugaison to fall we fell




Here are some examples of how to form the past participle:


-u
aller il est allé
he went, he has gone
vouloir il a voulu
he wanted
tuer il a tué
he killed, he has killed
pouvoir il a pu
he was able to

voir il a vu
he saw, he has seen

venir il est venu
he came, he has come

-i
others
finir il a fini
he (has) finished
avoir il a eu
he had
sortir il est sorti
he went out
dire il a dit
he said
dormir il a dormi
he slept
faire il a fait
he did, he made

être il a été
he was, he has been
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