Le futur antérieur

French Grammar (see all)

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Le futur antérieur

The futur antérieur (the future perfect) is used to express a future action that precedes another future action.
Je vais manger puis je vais appeler Victor. → Quand j’aurai mangé, j’appellerai Victor.
I’m going to eat then I’m going to call Victor. → When I have eaten, I will call Victor.

Note: French uses the future perfect after conjunctions like quand and lorsque (‘when’) where English would use the present or past tenses.

We also use it to express a future action that will be completed before a set time or period.
Nous serons arrivés à Paris avant 17 heures. We will have arrived before 5pm.

The future perfect is formed using the future tense of the auxiliary avoir or être and the past participle of the main verb.
manger → j’aurai mangé conjugaison to eat → I will have eaten
aller → nous serons allés conjugaison to go → we will have gone
pouvoir → tu auras pu conjugaison to be able to → you will have been able to
se reposer → vous vous serez reposés conjugaison to rest → you will have rested

Note: The future perfect is often used to express probability or supposition in the past.
- Pourquoi Victor n’est pas là ? - Il aura certainement oublié notre rendez-vous. -Why isn’t Victor here? -He must have forgotten our meeting.

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